DHAKA, Mar 4, 2016 (BSS) - The anti-Liberation War element Razakar Bahini was formed with 96 activists of Jamaat-e-Islami in Khulna in 1971. Jamaat certified its members as true Pakistani, dependable and active workers.
One such certificate was: "This is to certify that Mr Haroon-ur-Rashid Khan, S/o Abdul Azim Khan, 36, Purana Paltan Lane, Dacca-2 is our active worker. He is true Pakistani and dependable. He is trained Razakar. He has been issued a rifle No-776---with ten round ammunition for self-protection." It was signed by 'In charge of Razakar and Muzahid, Jamaat-e-Islam, 91/92, Siddique Bazar, Dacca.'
Abu Sayeed in his book titled "Sadharon Ghoshanar Prekkhit ebong Ghulam Azam" displayed the identity of a Razakar.
In the sub continent, Nizam of Hyderabad of India first formed Razakar Bahini for his self protection as he had denied to be linked with India. The 'Razakar' is a Persian word. Reza means volunteer while 'Kar' activist. In a word, 'Razakar' means volunteer.
Jamaat leader AKM Yusud formed the Razakar Bahini in Khulna with 96 Jamaat activists, according to a book titled "Ekattorer Ghatok Dalalra Ke Kothai."
In accordance with the book Razakar Bahini was divided in three separate parts though it was formed with cross-section of people. Firstly, those who considered killing Bengalees and fighting with freedom fighters as their duty to save 'Pakistan' and Islam included their names in the Bahini. Secondly, those, who wanted to loot, take revenge and torture women enlisted their names in the Bahini. Thirdly, the poor people of villages, who failed to cross the border, had been forced and allured to join the Bahini.
The East Pakistan Razakar Ordinance promulgated on 1 June 1971 by the Governor of East Pakistan, Lt Gen Tikka Khan. The Ordinance stipulated the creation of a voluntary force to be trained and equipped by the Provincial Government. This was to add to the government's forces to suppress the freedom fighters and freedom loving people who wanted independence of Bangladesh.
"The 'Rasikars' are a destabilizing element - living off the land, able to make life and death decisions by denouncing collaborators and openly pillaging and terrorizing villagers without apparent restraint from the Army", said a declassified US document.
"Jamaat-e-Islami had controlled the Razakar Bahini no matter with whom the Bahini was formed," according to a book entitled 'Rajakarer Mon' (Perception of Pakistani Collaborators) of noted historian Prof. Dr. Muntassir Mamoon.
The Razakars had been used to guard different establishments, collect information of freedom fighters and other works besides killing people, the book said.