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'7th March public meeting finalized national anthem'

DHAKA, March 10, 2016 (BSS) - "Amar Sonar Bangla, Ami Tomay Bhalobashi' was finalized as the national anthem of Bangladesh at the public meeting of Bangabandhu at the Race Course Maidan (Suhrawardy Udyan) on March 7 in 1971.

At the same time, all activities related to achieving independence started from that public meeting.

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman himself talked of these decisions later.

Soon after the country's independence, he narrated the background of finalizing the national anthem in an interview with US journalist David Frost in 1972.

Bangabandhu said in the interview that when he addressed his last public meeting at Race Course Maidan on March 7, one million (10 lakh) people were present there. They had stood up and saluted with the song "Amar Sonar Bangla, Ami Tomay Bhalobashi" and then the national anthem was finalized there, he added.

Bangabandhu said he knew what was going to happen and hence had made the final declaration that the time was ripe for fighting for independence.

The second part of Bangladesh Documents contains in detail Bangabandhu's interview with David Frost.

Bangabandhu was continuing talks with the Pakistanis and at the same time he was doing some preparatory works. After March 7, he called in Engineering University Professor Dr. Nurul Ula. Syed Nazrul Islam and Tajuddin Ahmed were present in his meeting with Prof. Ula.

The pages 22 and 23 of the 8th part of 'Swadhinatar Dalilpatra' refer to this meeting with Nurul Ula. Bangabandhu requested him to make a transmitter so that he can deliver a speech for the last time.

On this issue, Dr. Mohammad Hannan wrote in his book 'Bangladesher Muktijuddher Itihash' that on return from the meeting with Bangabandhu, Nurul Ula had shared the information with other teachers of the electric engineering department. Then the work started to manufacture the first radio transmitter of independence Bangladesh.

The transmitter was made in nine days as all teachers, including departmental head Dr. Zahurul Huq, worked for it. The whole Bangladesh was under its broadcasting capacity.

On the other hand, Abdul Quddus Makhon said in an interview that Bangabandhu had sent Akhaura branch Awami League President Lal Mian and Rafiq of Gangasagar to India to gather information about setting up a radio station. Their mission helped in setting up the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra.

Asiatic Society's book 'Bangladesh Sashastra Protirodh Andalon', edited by Syed Anwar Hossain and Muntasir Mamun, says since the beginning of March, Bangabandhu had seen the possibilities of an armed struggle.

On March 19, Bangabandhu and Col. Osmany held talks on it and finalized the relevant issues. Many officers of East Bengal Regiment also held meetings with Bangabandhu secretary that time.